Understand the problem of surgery as a gateway to persistent opioid use.
Discuss why adolescents & young adults are uniquely susceptible to oud.
Discuss opioid sparing alternatives to opioid monotherapy.
Discuss how adolescent brain development contributes to addictive vulnerability.
Discuss illicit drug use in Grades 8 through 12.
Discuss persistent use of opioids in pediatric patients following surgery.