Understand the problem of surgery as a gateway to persistent opioid use.
Discuss the prevalence of opioid use disorder as a complication of surgery.
Discuss opioid sparing alternatives to opioid monotherapy.
Understand opioid related adverse drug effects and the impact on clinical and cost outcomes.
Understand the complexity of pain pathways and why multiple analgesic techniques improve outcomes.
Discuss multimodal, multidisciplinary pain management.